Angola’s National Urbanism and Housing Programme (PNHU) identified Cooperative Housing as one of the four key strategies adopted to meet the country’s deficit of more than one million dwelling units. The PNHU set a target for the construction of 80,000 cooperative housing units or 8% of the planned one million dwellings in the period up to 2015. Cooperative housing in Angola has roots that date back to colonial times when models were drawn from Portuguese cooperative traditions. In the post independence period after 1975, urban planning professionals returning home from training in eastern Europe, formerly socialist countries, brought back experience of cooperative housing models from countries where they studied or visited.
This paper discusses the housing policy environment in Angola, the basic principles of models of cooperative housing and how the cooperative model was applied in Angola. A case study of Angola’s largest housing cooperative, Lar do Patriota, is presented. The challenges of implementing this project are discussed in the context of the evolving Angolan policy environment and the financial constraints that were encountered.