Housing Finance in South Sudan


This profile is also available in French here.

To download a pdf version of the full 2021 South Sudan country profile, click here.

South Sudan had an estimated population of 11.2 million in 2020, of which approximately half a million live in the capital and largest city, Juba. The country is ranked 185 out of 189 countries and territories in the United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP’s) Human Development Index (HDI). Nine out of 10 South Sudanese experience multidimensional poverty and almost 83% of South Sudan’s population of 11.2 million people live in rural areas, though less than 5% of arable land is cultivated. With an urbanisation rate of 2.68% and high levels of poverty, most of the population (both in rural and urban areas) live in largely self-built and owner-occupied traditional mud houses. South Sudan also lacks efficient land administration services and mechanisms to settle disputes at national and state levels. Housing, land, and property rights, including reclamation, restitution and reconstruction, therefore continue to be an issue.

The Republic of South Sudan became Africa’s 55th country on 9 July 2011 and was plunged into conflict only two years later and again in 2016. In response, the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan was signed on 12 September 2018 by the warring parties and a unity government was subsequently formed in February 2020.

As a small open economy South Sudan is extremely vulnerable to external shocks, a vulnerability exacerbated by dependence on a single commodity, crude oil, which constitutes approximately 33% of its gross domestic product (GDP), 90% of government revenues, and 95% of its exports. The service sector accounts for 6.1% of GDP, and the agriculture sector accounts for 15% of GDP and employs 80% of the population. The resumption of peace reopened oil fields, but falling global oil prices have reduced government revenues by 40% and increased the fiscal deficit to 4.9% of GDP in 2020 from 2.5% in 2019. Economic recovery driven by rising oil prices and a resumption in oil production was set back in 2020 by locust invasions, floods and COVID-19.

Find out more information on the housing finance sector of South Sudan, including key stakeholders, important policies and housing affordability:

Each year, CAHF publishes its Housing Finance in Africa Yearbook. The profile above is from the 2021 edition, which has up-to-date profiles for 55 African countries.

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