Housing Finance in Sudan

Overview

This profile is also available in French here.

To download a pdf version of the full 2021 Sudan country profile, click here.

The population of Sudan was estimated at 43.8 million in 2020 with approximately 34% living in urban areas. Consequently, the percentage of squatters in cities such Port Sudan and Omdurman is more than 30%, while squatters in the capital city Khartoum are estimated at 60%. With an average household size of 5.7 people, the housing supply deficit stands at an estimated 2.5 million units. Rural-urban migration, partly to escape harsh desert environments, explains the increasing unmet housing demand, which have in turn has the cost of certain goods and services in urban areas to increase. For example, the cost of water, housing, and electricity grew at twice the rate of the price of clothing, food, and other items. Furthermore, despite the importance of residential home ownership as a housing market component, most people living in urban areas still consider their rural homes as permanent residences.

According to the African Development Bank, Sudan’s real gross domestic product (GDP) is estimated to have shrunk by 8.4% in 2020. The COVID-19 pandemic has contributed to subdued economic activity in the country affecting trade, travel, the price of commodities and financial flows. Economic growth has also been affected by reduced private investment.

Find out more information on the housing finance sector of Sudan, including key stakeholders, important policies and housing affordability:


Each year, CAHF publishes its Housing Finance in Africa Yearbook. The profile above is from the 2021 edition, which has up-to-date profiles for 55 African countries.

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